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Just Culture

Latest update 26/10/2015: please see below for more details.


There will always be a need to learn from accidents and incidents through safety investigations so as to take appropriate action to prevent the repetition of such events. It is also important that even minor occurrences are investigated, in order to prevent catalysts for major accidents. Safety analysis and investigation is a necessary and effective means of improving safety, by learning the appropriate lessons from safety occurrences and adopting preventative actions. It is therefore essential that an environment exists where occurrences are openly reported.

ERA's Position

ERA recognises the need for stakeholders in the aviation industry to promote an atmosphere of trust in which employees are encouraged, and even rewarded, for providing essential safety-related information. ERA believes that having a Just Culture is not just a nice option, but the desire to create one should be a priority for all stakeholders - despite the practical and cultural difficulties that may be encountered along the way.


Latest update 26/10/2015: The Directorate attended a Voluntary Reporting Systems workshop, hosted in collaboration between EASA and the International Confidential Aviation Safety Systems Group (ICASS), in Cologne on 20 October 2015. The workshop, attended by stakeholders from across the aviation industry, was an excellent opportunity to exchange experiences, best practices and opinions on how to define and operate an efficient and robust voluntary reporting system. In addition it provided a unique opportunity to learn from the expertise of the ICASS members, some with more than 20 years of experience operating such systems.

Primarily the workshop explored three main challenges facing the industry with regards to voluntary reporting systems:

  1. Confidentiality and protection of individuals and information,
  2. Processing and analysis of the data, and
  3. Interfaces with authorities and other bodies.

A full report of the meeting can be accessed via the downloads menu.

Useful links


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